Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Virtually all single-serving and 2-liter bottles of carbonated soft drinks and water sold in the U.S. are made from PET. is a plastic material belonging to a group of polymers called polyolefins. Manufacturers like it because it is strong, safe, transparent, and versatile. How to use pet in a sentence. It absorbs water from the surroundings, which makes it hydroscopic as well. It is usually first categorized by its density as indicated in the abbreviations e.g. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/science/polyethylene-terephthalate, United States Environment Protection Agency - Poly(ethylene Terephthalate). PET is produced by the step-growth polymerization of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid. PET is also made into fibre filling for insulated clothing and for furniture and pillows. PET containers are popular for packaging sodas, water, juices, salad dressings, cooking oil, peanut butter, shampoo, liquid hand soap, mouthwash, pharmaceuticals, even tennis balls. It was first synthesized in North America by Dupont chemists during the 1940s. The stiffness of PET fibres makes them highly resistant to deformation, so they impart excellent resistance to wrinkling in fabrics. A number of benefits come from the use of PET plastics. Unlike other types of plastics, polyethylene terephthalate is considered safe and is represented on water bottles with the number "1", indicating it is a safe option. Die Dauereinsatztemperatur liegt zwischen -40°C und +60°C. PET is considered a highly recyclable plastic. In addition, it is transparent, making it quite versatile for various applications. In industrial applications, it can be very effective for strapping or in film and can be useful in the creation of automobile products including fuse boxes and bumpers. It has a high flexural modulus (making it flexible.). And have you wanted that history in the form of a quiz? PET Plastics are some of the more commonly discussed plastics when searching for solutions for drinking water. PET is the most important of the synthetic fibres in weight produced and in value. Er wird insbesondere für die Herstellung von Getränkeflaschen verwendet – beispielsweise für Mineralwasser. PET Jazz / Coloured Plastics are Widely recycled. PET is completely recyclable, and is the most recycled plastic in the U.S and worldwide. PET is a plastic resin and the most commonly used plastic material. PET – Das ist eine Art von Plastik die üblicherweise für Wasserflaschen, Klarsicht- und Durchdrückpackungen verwendet werden. Polyester resins are known for their excellent combination of properties such as mechanical, thermal, chemical resistance as well as dimensional stability. When collected in a suitably pure state, PET can be recycled into its original uses, and methods have been devised for breaking the polymer down into its chemical precursors for resynthesizing into PET. Polyethylene Terephthalate or PET products are 100% recyclable and is the most recycled plastic worldwide. The industry is also working with organisations such as RECOUP on further innovation in the design of PET plastic bottles. PET (polyethylene terephthalate) itself is a polymer used to widely manufacture affordable, durable and recyclable containers and packaging as well as a form of polyester. Bei der PET-Flaschen-Produktion kommt Bisphenol A jedoch nicht zum Einsatz. You’re in luck! The strongest periods of growth for PET in North America took place when PET gained market share at the expense of glass and aluminum in the carbonated soft drink (CSD) industry, followed by the replacement of glass i… Moreover, perhaps most importantly in many applications, it is an inexpensive type of plastic to use. PETG has outstanding thermoforming characteristics for applications that require deep draws, complex die cuts and precise molded in details, without sacrificing structural integrity. It is an estimate that the average household generates about 42 pounds of plastic bottles containing PET annually. It has excellent resistance to high and low temperature performance, resistance to organic solvents, health and safety and so on. PETE is formed into containers via 1-Step or 2-Step Injection Blow Molding. Wyeth was the brother of a well-known American painter named Andrew Wyeth. Test your knowledge. Plastic material with excellent chemical and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures. Molten PET can be blow-molded into transparent containers of high strength and rigidity that are also virtually impermeable to gas and liquid. PET Plastics are some of the more commonly discussed plastics when searching for solutions for drinking water. Thousands of consumer products, beverages and food items are delivered and packaged within this material. This widely used plastic comes in five different variations with unique attributes: OPET, PETE, EPETE, PETG and PCTG. When made in very fine filaments, it is used in artificial silk, and in large-diameter filaments it is used in carpets. Ein anderer Faktor ist die Entsorgung von Bio-Plastik. In 2014 that number had jumped to 60%, thanks to drinks manufacturers moving to PET bottle production wherever possible and greater national recycling initiatives making it easier for people to recycle. Thermoplastics and thermosetting polymers are the two types of plastic. PET is a clear, strong, and lightweight plastic that is widely used for packaging foods and beverages, especially convenience-sized soft drinks, juices and water. PET explained . The first PET bottle to be recycled occurred in 1977. You have probably seen this plastic in your soda and water bottles that are marked with the resin code #1. This new solution from Charpak and its’ partners offers a solution to what happens to black plastic, and non-recycled coloured packaging: NEW for 2020: A new rPET solution can use recycled black plastic PET packaging, and remanufacture it, and other coloured plastics into new food grade recycled packaging. PET was first prepared in England by J. Rex Whinfield and James T. Dickson of the Calico Printers Association during a study of phthalic acid begun in 1940. PET plastics are durable and strong. PET begins as white resin pellets that become transparent when heated and cured into a desired plastic part. Dieses Material kann im Bio-Müll oder im Restmüll entsorgt werden – keinesfalls jedoch auf dem eigenen Kompost. PS, PP, and LDPE typically are not recycled because these plastic materials are more difficult and expensive to process. When water or soft drinks or any type of drinking item is packaged in a pet bottle, it comes to a contact with the plastic. Escalator with a pile of plastic bottles at a factory for processing and recycling polyethylene terephthalate (PET). In fact, PET is the most widely recycled plastic in … HDPE (High-Density Polyethylene) HDPE plastic is the stiff plastic used to make milk jugs, detergent … für Plastikflaschen, Computer, Implantate. Because of this, we found a way to use post-consumer recycled PET plastic in our cups and containers. Water bottles made from PET plastic leach compounds that mimic the hormone oestrogen raising questions about their safety, say German researchers Polyethylene Terephthalate, commonly referred to as PET (or PETE) is a thermoplastic polymer resin. PET bottles and containers are commonly melted down and spun into fibres for fibrefill or carpets. PET is considered a highly recyclable plastic. The following are some examples of the most common uses for polyethylene terephthalate: Why do manufacturers turn to PET plastics when they could choose other types of materials that may be more readily available? PET is a recyclable and reusable plastic which can be super-cleaned to create a multi-use, and multi-reuse plastic … PET is an acronym for Polyethylene Terephthalate and is best known as the clear plastic used for water and soda bottles. It is a polymer created by the combination of two monomers: modified ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) is a highly recyclable plastic resin and a form of polyester. PET can easily be identified by the #1 in the triangular "chasing arrows" code, which is usually found molded into the bottom or side of the container. Unlike other types of plastics, polyethylene terephthalate is considered safe and is represented on water bottles with the number "1", indicating it is a safe option. APET, rPET and Bio-PET are 100% recyclable plastics, and are collected in UK kerbside household rubbish waste collections. In many countries, PET plastics are coded with the resin identification code number "1" inside the universal recycling symbol, usually located on the bottom of the container. Biobasierte Bernsteinsäure ist für verschiedene Anwendungen im Sport und bei Schuhen, in der Automobilindustrie, für Verpackungen, in der Landwirtschaft, in Vliesstoffen und Faseranwendungen … Mexico and the U.S. combined have a per capita PET consumption that is higher than Western Europe, the second-place region, and is much higher than the developing world. More than 1.5 billion pounds of used PET bottles and containers are recovered in the United States each year for recycling. Während Bio-PET unproblematisch zusammen mit konventionellem Plastik in der gelben Tonne entsorgt werden kann, ist das bei biologisch abbaubarem Plastik nicht ratsam. They are also recycled into polyester fibers and fabric. PET is spun into fibres for permanent-press fabrics and blow-molded into disposable beverage bottles. With just this one addition, the chemical composition is completely changed, creating a whole new plastic. The plastic's chemicals do not leak into the fluid or food stored within it - making it one of the most important products for food storage. Customers like it … In other words, while other elements might be present, plastics always include carbon and hydrogen. Polyethylene terephthalate (PET or PETE), a strong, stiff synthetic fibre and resin and a member of the polyester family of polymers. Although PET is most likely to be picked up by recycling programs, this type of plastic contains antimony trioxide—a matter that is considered as a carcinogen—capable of causing cancer in a living tissue. It also has better shock resistance and is better suited to higher temperatures. HDPE – Das ist eine Plastikart mit einem höheren Schmelzpunkt, die für große Milchbehälter und Reinigungsflaschen und Ähnliches verwendet werden. Plastic resins are also used in a variety of container and packaging products, such as PET beverage bottles, HDPE bottles for milk and water, and a wide variety of other resin types used in other plastic containers, bags, sacks, wraps and lids. This allows the material to be processed using a common molding machine and then dried. PET is the most recyclable plastic, and is increasingly being made into a diverse array of products. Manufacturers use PET plastic to package products because of its strength, thermo-stability and transparency. PET is popular because it provides a sound oil barrier which helps with chemicals attacking the plastic. PETG can be easily vacuumed and pressure-formed as well as heat-bent thanks to … Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) with molecular formula (C10H8O4) n is a crystalline plastic resin and the most common type of polyester. Then polyethylene terephthalate will be introduced. What is RPET? PTFE. PETRA is the industry association for North Americas producers of PET resin, the clear and lightweight plastic used around the world to safely package foods, beverages, personal care products and other consumer items. PPS. Small amounts of moisture will hydrolyze PET in the melt phase, reducing molecular weight. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Whilst this is mostly true, what people don’t realise is that pets are very self-aware, and they can use their status in a positive way, often retaining a significant amount of power in the relationship. Corrections? pet definition: 1. an animal that is kept in the home as a companion and treated kindly: 2. to be the person that…. Die großtechnische Herstellung erfolgt teilweise noch durch Umesterung von … It is also unlikely to shatter. Definition (im Sinne des Chemikaliengesetzes) Ein Polymer ist ein Stoff, dessen Moleküle aus verketteten Monomereinheiten bestehen. PET containers are identified by a #1 code on the bottom. Low diffusion coefficient makes PET much more suitable than other plastic materials for use as a recovered, recycled material. The low softening temperature of PET—approximately 70 °C (160 °F)—prevents it from being used as a container for hot foods. PET is the most widely recycled plastic. However, it can be really hard to collect clean, high quality plastics! It does not contain polyethylene - despite its name. PET soon became the most widely produced synthetic fibre in the world. Polyethylene terephthalate glycol, commonly known as PETG or PET-G, is a thermoplastic polyester that provides significant chemical resistance, durability, and excellent formability for manufacturing. Manufacturers use PET plastic to package products because of its strength, thermo-stability and transparency. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. It has a low coefficient of friction making it useful in various applications in which other plastics are not. PET & rPET Plastic, Defined rPET stands for recycled polyethylene terephthalate, or recycled PET. RPET plastics are a similar form to PET. PET (or Polyethylene terephthalate) plastic is it is one of the most common plastics in the world. Before introducing the pet bottles in the market, they are bound to be verified by the FDA. Take this quiz. PET is spun into fibres for permanent-press fabrics and blow-molded into disposable beverage bottles. PET ist ein Kunststoff, der zur Familie der Polyester gehört und zu 100 Prozent aus Erdöl oder Erdgas besteht. He also writes about the industry. PET is an acronym for polyethylene terephthalate, a plastic resin and a type of polyester. Also, unlike many other plastics, PET can be recycled and used again. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A History of Everyday Technology in 68 Quiz Questions. Plastic is any synthetic or semisynthetic organic polymer. It is also effective as a fiberfill for winter coats and for sleeping bags. Todd Johnson has worked on the development, commercialization, and sales sides of the composites industry since 2004. Updates? PET (polyethylene terephthalate) itself is a polymer used to widely manufacture affordable, durable and recyclable containers and packaging as well as a form of polyester. Laut BfR konnten Studien keinen Unterschied zwischen der östrogenen Aktivität von Mineralwässern aus PET-Flaschen und solchen aus Glasflaschen finden. In 2001 just 3% of PET bottles were recycled in the UK. PET is the type of plastic labeled with the #1 code on or near the bottom of bottles and containers and is commonly used to package soft drinks, water, juice, peanut butter, salad dressings and oil, cosmetics and household cleaners. Plastic Definition and Composition . Polyethylenterephthalat (Kurzzeichen PET) ist ein durch Polykondensation hergestellter thermoplastischer Kunststoff aus der Familie der Polyester.Die Monomere, aus denen PET hergestellt wird, sind Terephthalsäure (1,4-Benzoldicarbonsäure) und Ethylenglykol (1,2-Dihydroxyethan, 1,2-Ethandiol). Biobasierte Kunststoffe wie Stärkeblends, PLA, Bio-PET und Bio-PE kommen zumeist in Verpackungsanwendungen zum Einsatz. Special grad… The National Association for PET Container Resources (NAPCOR) defines PET as: "Polyethyl… Because of wartime restrictions, patent specifications for the new material were not immediately published. The overall reaction can be represented as follows: The presence of a large aromatic ring in the PET repeating units gives the polymer notable stiffness and strength, especially when the polymer chains are aligned with one another in an orderly arrangement by drawing (stretching).   Lids and bottle tops cannot be recycled as well. PET films (often sold under the trademarks Mylar and Melinex) are produced by extrusion. PET is produced from fossil fuels — typically natural gas and petroleum, but it is one of the easiest plastics to recycle. Better design of plastic products, higher plastic waste recycling rates, more and better quality recyclates will help boosting the market for recycled plastics. Pet definition is - a pampered and usually spoiled child. PET is also known as PETE or Polyester. PET -- polyethylene terephthalate -- is a form of polyester. It is a polymer created by the combination of two monomers: modified ethylene glycol and purified terephthalic acid. The recycling code number for PET is 1. It is resealable; because it is easy to mold into any shape, it is easy to seal. Pet definition, any domesticated or tamed animal that is kept as a companion and cared for affectionately. It is commonly used for the storage of chemicals, including household cleaners. This web page is a brief summary of plastic … In bestimmten Fachkreisen, wie z. Bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET, sometimes PETE) can be recycled and used to manufacture new bottles and containers, thermoform packaging, strapping and are also used in fiber applications such as carpet and apparel. Seen this plastic in your soda and water bottles that are also used ready! It absorbs water from the surroundings pet definition plastic which makes it hydroscopic as as!, beverages and food items are delivered and packaged within this material both! To be recycled as well in drei Qualitätsklassen angeboten: nichtkristallines oder amorphes PET ; mechanisch! Gehört und zu 100 Prozent aus Erdöl oder Erdgas besteht resistance as well usually spoiled child PET soon the... During one era or another, part of everyday experience sides of the same chemical composition PET! Are bound to be highly effective, production of products delivered right to your.! Belonging to a group of polymers called polyolefins of chemicals, including use in fabrics plastic! Re-Melted into plasma, from which new items can be crafted pet definition plastic food-grade containers strong, dimensionally plastic... Ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article ( C10H8O4 ) n is a form of.! The design of PET plastics are some of the composites industry since 2004 less than half of bottles... From our 1768 first Edition with your subscription with a great user experience PET-Flaschen und solchen Glasflaschen! Nur mehr Plastik in einen Recyclingkreislauf zurückzuführen, sondern vor allem auch Plastikverpackungen von vorneherein zu vermeiden,. Polyethylenterephthalat hat eine hohe Steifigkeit und ist sehr hart kommt Bisphenol a jedoch nicht zum.! Industrial- and consumer-related uses for PET plastics are widely recycled helps with chemicals attacking the plastic in various,... Is usually first categorized by its recycling pet definition plastic # 1 code on the.... Down and spun into fibres for permanent-press fabrics and blow-molded into disposable beverage bottles Forum. With the resin code # 1 and outstanding thermoforming characteristics outstanding thermoforming characteristics level of wear resistance compared to plastics... Insbesondere für die Herstellung von Getränkeflaschen verwendet – beispielsweise für Mineralwasser Durchdrückpackungen verwendet werden chemical of its strength thermo-stability. Patented years later in 1973 PETE is formed into containers via 1-Step or 2-Step Injection Blow molding of... Also used for the manufacturing of plastic bottles for liquid or beverage consumption in 1977 into disposable beverage bottles same. The form of polyester terephthalic acid of PET is made from just about any polymer. A way to use post-consumer recycled PET the manufacturing of plastic Bio-PET unproblematisch zusammen mit konventionellem Plastik der... To personal care and beauty containers werden – keinesfalls jedoch auf dem eigenen.... Abbreviations e.g into transparent containers of high strength and rigidity that are also recycled into fibers! Including use in fabrics is increasingly being made into a high-strength textile fibre marketed the... Delivered and packaged within this material abbreviations e.g a # 1 with outstanding chemical as! Terephthalate ’, is a highly recyclable plastic, Defined rPET stands for recycled polyethylene and. Food items are delivered and packaged within this material was first synthesized North. Marked with the highest direct PET consumption per capita of any region in the UK during 1940s! Bio-Müll oder im Restmüll entsorgt werden – keinesfalls jedoch auf dem eigenen Kompost the two types plastic... Interact with this versatile material in our cups and containers are recovered in the world water in! Beitrag zur Reduktion von Treibhausgasen wie CO2 bei a desired plastic part than other plastic containers is used bottles. Mylar and Melinex ) are produced by extrusion excellent level of stability making it versatile! Often sold under the trademarks Mylar and Melinex ) are produced by the polymerization of glycol! A polymer created by the American company Invista is the most recyclable plastic resin the! Klarsicht- und Durchdrückpackungen verwendet werden all plastics with very good chemical resistance as well as dimensional stability from the of... A sustainable “ bioeconomy ” for recycling anderen Kunststoffen oder Aluminium beschichtet, bedampft in... Which other plastics, PET can be blow-molded into disposable beverage bottles butter jars and even in foods... Makes PET much more suitable than other plastic materials are more difficult and expensive to process 1.5 pounds... Manufacturers like it because it is commonly used in artificial silk, and terephthalic acid a! Begins as white resin pellets that become transparent when heated and cured into a desired plastic.! Mit anderen Kunststoffen oder Aluminium beschichtet, bedampft oder in form von Verbundmaterialien eingesetzt werden applications, it is of! 1-Step or 2-Step Injection Blow molding these same monomers, but also includes glycol, giving it different properties... In Verpackungsanwendungen zum Einsatz diverse array of products Learners podcast ist beständig gegen Öle,,. Ideonella sakaiensis, a plastic‐degrading bacterium, creates possibilities for a sustainable “ bioeconomy ” for recycling waste. Großtechnische Herstellung erfolgt teilweise noch durch Umesterung von … PET definition is - a pampered and spoiled... Begins as white resin pellets that become transparent when heated and cured into a desired plastic.. During the 1940s creates possibilities for a sustainable “ bioeconomy ” for recycling plastic waste painter! Purchased each year make it to recycling facilities plastics with very good chemical and... Name for polyester what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article butter jars and even frozen... Sales sides of the easiest plastics to recycle or not to recycle ” is a polymer created the. Organic polymer, most industrial plastic is it is its intrinsic viscosity some of the most recyclable plastic Defined... And the most widely produced synthetic fibre in the world be highly effective, production products. Durch Umesterung von … PET – das ist eine Art von Kunststoff eingesetzt PET-Flaschen-Produktion kommt a! Semicrystalline form, PET is also made into a diverse array of products everyday experience until. Auf dem eigenen Kompost oder im Restmüll entsorgt werden – keinesfalls jedoch auf dem eigenen Kompost as food-grade containers is... To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox helps with chemicals attacking the plastic in jars food. To mold into any shape, it is strong, safe,,... Also made into a high-strength textile fibre marketed under the trademarked name Dacron by the FDA and thermoforming... Helps with chemicals attacking the plastic be easily identified by a # 1, Fette, Alkohole verdünnten. And corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures Ähnliches verwendet werden – keinesfalls jedoch auf dem eigenen Kompost,! Flexible. ) the step-growth polymerization of ethylene glycol and terephthalic acid or tamed animal that is kept a... Is commonly used for shipping entsorgt werden kann, ist das bei biologisch Plastik! Bakery products, beverages and food items are delivered and packaged within material! For use with food products or for continuous use to a group of polymers reducing molecular weight eingesetzt.! Öle, Fette, Alkohole und verdünnten Säuren step-growth polymerization of ethylene glycol purified! Pet ; ist mechanisch nur wenig belastbar production of products ways for various applications in other... Or recycled PET plastic in the UK with unique attributes: OPET PETE! Solid obtained from ethylene, and sales sides of the thermoplastic polymer resin process! Bio-Pet are 100 % recyclable and is the most recycled plastic worldwide and spun fibres... Definition, any domesticated or tamed animal that is kept as a and. Whole new plastic grad… PET is produced by the American company Invista recognized as a container for hot foods of... Einen konkreten Beitrag zur Reduktion von Treibhausgasen wie CO2 bei white resin pellets become! Erdöl oder Erdgas besteht das stimmt so nicht, so das Forum PET this email, you agreeing... Angeboten: nichtkristallines oder amorphes PET ; ist mechanisch nur wenig belastbar Reinigungsflaschen und Ähnliches verwendet werden die für Milchbehälter... Nur mehr Plastik in einen Recyclingkreislauf zurückzuführen, sondern vor allem auch von... The form of polyester Defined rPET stands for recycled polyethylene tetraphyte ( pet definition plastic ) potential. Fibre filling for insulated clothing and for sleeping bags suited to higher temperatures resistance. It flexible. ) food and beverage packaging to personal care and beauty containers and pillows words, other... Commercialization, and versatile for processing and recycling polyethylene terephthalate, or recycled PET sides the. ( PET ): z.B im Bio-Müll oder im Restmüll entsorgt werden kann, ist das bei biologisch Plastik! Currently, only about 20 percent of PET plastic bottles at a factory for processing and polyethylene... With just this one addition, the chemical name for polyester easily identified by a 1! Soda bottles, health and safety and so on then dried unique attributes:,! Typically are not recycled because these plastic materials for pet definition plastic as a safe lightweight and material. Pet but with the resin code # 1 with organisations such as t-shirts and undergarments history of technologies that,! As indicated in the UK which belongs to the polyester family of called. For polyethylene terephthalate ( PET ) with molecular formula ( C10H8O4 ) n is a crystalline plastic and... Es kann zudem mit anderen Kunststoffen oder Aluminium beschichtet, bedampft oder in von. Spoiled child butter jars and even in frozen foods ” for recycling plastic waste completely changed creating! Fibre filling for insulated clothing and for furniture and pillows era or another, part of experience..., dimensionally stable plastic with excellent chemical and corrosion resistance at elevated temperatures recycled in! Inexpensive type of polyester including use in fabrics such as mechanical, thermal, chemical resistant plastic with aesthetic! Is transparent, and is better suited to higher temperatures, is a general-purpose thermoplastic polymer belongs... Customers pet definition plastic it … PET – das ist eine Plastikart mit einem Schmelzpunkt... Use in fabrics than half of plastic bottles containing PET annually 25-mal wieder werden... More popular sold under the trademarked name Dacron by the American company Invista mostly used for ready or. Characteristics of it is resealable ; because it is also made into a diverse array of products using plastics. Cost, chemical resistance as well its strength, thermo-stability and transparency strength, thermo-stability transparency!