The herb (or its essential oil) may be applied externally to help treat acne, athlete's foot , lower back pain, sciatica , sprains, tendinitis, neuralgia , and rheumatism. In: Grass manual on the Web . Effect of various mulches on the physico-chemical properties of the sodic soil under aonla+guava cropping system. The C4 biochemical pathway, and the anatomy of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC) Stapf.) St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Silica plays a vital role in formation of bone and its maintenance by improving the quality of the bone matrix and facilitating bone mineralization. Progressive Agriculture, 2(2):160-162, Singh M, 1997. The Wealth of India. Properties. It is a refreshing beverage, lemongrass tea is a temping healthy drink. Lemongrass is an herb that is native to Sri Lanka and South India but now grows in many countries around the world. Survey of invasive alien plant species on Gros Piton, Saint Lucia., Castries, Saint Lucia, Department of Forestry. While not approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), lemongrass reportedly has a wide variety of therapeutic effects. Devendra Singh, Bijendra Singh, Pramod Kumar, Anju Singh, 2003. International Aromatherapy and Herb Association. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection. 662 pp. Funk, V., Hollowell, T., Berry, P., Kelloff, C., Alexander, S. N., 2007. East Indian lemongrass. In: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. In: Chomchalow N, Henle HV, eds. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov. Results of a field study in Bolivia. Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates) is a perennial grass in a class of about 45 species of grasses native to tropical and subtropical climates. Horticulture Science Series – I. Studies on herbal herbicides in controlling weeds in rapeseed and mustard. Ashrafuzzaman M H, Khan A R, Howlider A R, 1990. Lemon grass is a perennial herb. Pardo-Cardona V M, 1999. Catalogue of New World Grasses (Poaceae): III. (aromatic grasses) with special reference to Indian taxa. Most of the species of lemon grass are native to South Asia, South-east Asia and Australia. Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais, 5(2):61-64, Leung AY, Foster S, 1996. Volume 1, Part 2. If you have to purchase from the herb stores, choose fresh lemongrass leaves and stems featuring fresh and lemon-like flavorwith a hint of rose fragrance. Plant Disease, 83(3):304; 2 ref, Kokwaro JO, 1979. Citral, a key chemical found in Cymbopogon citratus, is an ingredient in a variety of foods and beverages (including alcohol). Cymbopogon citratus has been actively introduced in tropical and subtropical regions around the world where it is cultivated as a culinary and medicinal herb, garden ornamental and as an industrial crop to extract essential oils from its leaves (Oyen, 1999; USDA-ARS, 2016). Many homemakers in East Asia, however, pick them fresh for use incooking from the backyard garden. Effect of various mulches on the physico-chemical properties of the sodic soil under aonla+guava cropping system. Revista Brasileira de Produtos Agroindustriais, 4(2):167-174; 7 ref, Pinto, Z. T., Sánchez, F. F., Ramos, A., Amaral, A. C. F., Ferreira, J. L. P., Escalona-Arranz, J. C., Queiroz, M. M. de C., 2015. The tree can grow to 375-480 feet (125-1…, Description However, this species has been recorded growing in Australia on clay soils with pH=9.6. In: Barker DH, Watson AJ, Sombatpanit S, Northcutt B, Maglinao AR, eds. Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plant Sciences, 27(2):1-3. Isolation of endophytic fungi from some grasses. Cymbopogon citratus grows best under sunny, warm and humid conditions at elevations below 750 m, with mean annual temperatures ranging from 23°C to 30°C and mean annual rainfall between 2500-3000 mm. Japanese Journal of Medical Mycology, 44(4):285-291, Acevedo-Rodríguez, P., Strong, M. T., 2012. Catalogue of the Seed Plants of the West Indies, Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution.1192 pp. Effect of growth regulators on citral content in lemongrass in different seasons. Culms tufted, robust, up to 2 m tall, 4 mm in diameter, farinose below nodes. International Journal of Food Microbiology. AGRO-CLIMATIC REQUIREMENTS. Hack. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology 54 (September 2002): 1257-1263. On the island of St Lucia, C. citratus is listed as invasive species as, due to the high oil content of the leaves, it has the potential to increase the risk of fires in natural areas such as Pigeon Island and Dennery quarry where it forms monotypic stands (Graveson, 2012). As with all essential oils, small amounts should be used, and only for a limited time. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Jardim Botânico do Rio de Janeiro. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd. ix + 228 pp. The relative safety and stability of lemongrass oil has recommended it to pharmaceutical researchers who are testing new methods of quantitative analysis. ex Nees) Roberty, Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Capable of securing and ingesting a wide range of food, Benefits from human association (i.e. Hyderabad, India: Universities Press (India) Ltd, Figueiredo RO, Delachiave MEA, Ming LC, 2002. Practical Aromatherapy. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 79(2):213-220, Clayton, WD, Govaerts, R, Harman, KT, Williamson, H, Vorontsova, M, 2016. Bot., 33, 185-198, Singh RS, 2000. Avoid getting lemongrass (herb or oil) in the eyes. The effect of carrier and rate of nitrogen application on the growth and oil production of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in the Ord Irrigation Area, Western Australia. The culinary herb is produced from the stalk of the lemongrass plant (Cymbopogon citratus). Mutation Research 496 (September 20, 2001): 33-38. Spice Description. On the status of agronomic research in Cymbopogon grasses in India with projections on future work. Más EG, García-Molinari O, 2006. Last but not least, the herb has a strong reputation as an insect repellent. Effects of medicinal plant extracts on growth of Leishmania (L.) amazonensis and Trypanosoma cruzi. http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/. Native to Southeast Asia, lemongrass can also be found growing in India, South America, Africa, Australia, and the United States. Australian Journal of Medical Herbalism, 7(3):57-62; 7 ref, Williams RO, 1949. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). In: Plant Resources of South-East Asia [ed. Aromatic and Medicinal Plants Research Station, Odakkali, Asamannoor, Kerala, India, Joy PP, Skaria BP, Mathew S, Mathew G, Joseph A, 2006. Revegetation of coal mine overburden dump (OBD) slopes by aromatic grasses. Olinda, Maui, Hawaii, USA. First record in Australia of Myriogenospora atramentosa on lemongrass and sugarcane. In: Chadha KL, Rajendra Guptha. Lemongrass, also known as lemon grass and citronella grass, is a perennial grass that grows in tropical climates. In: Peter KV, eds. New host record for Bipolaris specifera (Bainier) Subram. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Moawad S S, 2003. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Pharmacological methods in phytotherapy research: volume 1: Selection, preparation and pharmacological evaluation of plant material. The chromatography of the spice oils. Lemongrass may also be referred to as ginger grass or citronella grass and likely originates from Sri Lanka or Malaysia although a wild form of the plant is not known. Gade DW, 1975. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 13(1):29-30, Cimanga K, Apers S, Bruyne Tde, Miert Svan, Hermans N, TottT J, Pieters L, Vlietinck AJ, Kambu K, Tona L, 2002. The leaves and the oil are used to make medicine. First record in Australia of Myriogenospora atramentosa on lemongrass and sugarcane. Bleasel, N., B. Tate, and M. Rademaker. 29 (4), 334-339. Aromatic Plants. Several Cymbopogon species (i.e., Cymbopogon citratus and Cymbopogon nardus) are cultivated commercially for the aromatic oils that are distilled from their leaves. Indian Journal of Pharmacology, 36(4):245-246, Bose TK, Kabir J, Das P, Joy PP, 2001. Soosairaj S, Britto S J, Balaguru B, Natarajan D, Nagamurugan N, 2005. This plant grows in many tropical climates, most notably in Southeast Asia. Plants like lots of heat, light, and moisture: Provide this, and your lemongrass will … Revista Brasileira de Plantas Medicinais. Bogor, Indonesia: PROSEA Foundation.http://www.proseanet.org, Palada MC, Mitchell JM, Becker BN, Nair PKR, 2005. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated b. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. Tropical Crops. West Indian lemon grass (C.citratus), and Jammu lemon grass (C.pendulus) are in cultivation in our country as the important sources of cirtral. 46 (2), 183-191. Papua New Guinea Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, 47(1/2):17-20, Wunderlin, R. P., Hansen, B. F., Franck, A. R., Essig, F. B., 2016. Citral a fragrance allergen and irritant. The tea is generally taken several times a day. Cymbopogon citratus (D.C.) Stapf: subsidy to improvement of quality in the crop, industrialization and marketing in Parana State. Jojoba (pronounced ho-ho-ba) oil is a vegetable oil obtained from the crushed bean of the jojoba shrub (Simmondsia chinenis ). Devendra Singh, Bijendra Singh, Anju Singh, 2002. (Cymbopogon in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil). To alleviate gas or persistent vomiting, Heinerman recommends a dose of 3–6 drops of lemongrass oil (the Cymbopogon citratus variety). Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. The effect of carrier and rate of nitrogen application on the growth and oil production of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) in the Ord Irrigation Area, Western Australia. Alternative control of root rot of common beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Proc. Do not overwater as that can lead to root rot. New Delhi, India: Malhotra Publishing House, 726, Tomar OS, Minhas PS, 2004. Version 13. Fitopatologia Colombiana, 23(1/2):43-44, Chagonda LS, Makanda C, Chalchat JC, 2000. In Puerto Rico this species occurs primarily in cultivation in home gardens but is also found naturalized in humid areas (Más and García-Molinari, 2006). Pro-oxidative activity in some Thai spices, Acta Horticulturae, (680):25-29, Edris AE, Mahmoud SYM, 2003. Andropogon nardus subsp. Online database. Fitopatología Colombiana. Recent studies on Cymbopogon Spreng. New Delhi, India: Council Scientific Industrial Research, Detpiratmongkol S, Ubolkerd T, Yousukyingsatapron S, 2005. Online database , Barbados: University of the West Indies.http://ecflora.cavehill.uwi.edu/index.html, Cardona VMP, 1999. Assessment of efficiency of vegetative barriers as soil conservation systems on steep lands. Cymbopogon citratus is a perennial grass that has been intentionally introduced in tropical and subtropical regions of the world for the essential oil extracts from its leaves and to be used as a culinary and medicinal herb. Abe S, Sato Y, Inoue S, Ishibashi H, Maruyama N, Takizawa T, Oshima H, Yamaguchi H, 2003. Continue grinding until the lemongrass is well ground and fragrant, adding 1-2 tablespoons of water if needed. Cymbopogon citratus is now found cultivated and often naturalized throughout the tropics and warm subtropics. Leaf sheaths glabrous, greenish inside; leaf blades glaucous, 30-90 × 0.5-2 cm, both surfaces scabrid, base gradually narrowed, apex long acuminate; ligule 1 mm. Effect of growth regulators on citral content in lemongrass in different seasons. Selection, Preparation and Pharmacological Evaluation of Plant Material. Mamatha M, Nagamani A, Monoharachary C, Bhadraiah B, 2002. Indian Perfumer, 23(2):125-127, Koike ST, Molinar RH, 1999. Journal of Plantation Crops, 3:43-57, Joy PP, Mathew S, Skaria BP, Mathew G, 2007. In: Plants, man and the land in the Vilcanota Valley of Peru. Barbados: University of the West Indies. Oparaeke A M, 2006. Description An Introduction to the Botanical Ethnography of a Mayan Speaking People of Highland Chiapas., New York, USA: Acad. Overview Information Lemongrass is a plant. While cholesterol levels were only slightly affected in some of the participants—cholesterol was lowered from 310 to 294 on average—other people in the study experienced a significant decrease in blood fats. Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of Cymbopogon citratus essential oil from Cuba and Brazil against housefly. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. DOI:10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2004.02.017. Version 13 . This work presents the extraction of silica nanoparticles from different parts of lemongrass such as root, stem and leaf. Tampa, USA: University of South Florida.http://www.florida.plantatlas.usf.edu/, Yadava AK, Singh K, 1996. Essential oil crops., xi + 600 pp. The so called East Indian lemon grass (Cymbopogon flexuosus) , also known as Malabar or Cochin grass is native to India , Sri Lanka, Burma and Thailand ; for the related West Indian lemon grass (C. citratus), a Malesian origin is generally assumed. Cymbopogon citratus (citronella grass or lemon grass); habit. journal of Medicinal and Aromatic plant Sciences, 19(1):24-27, Ranade GS, 2004. CABI is a registered EU trademark. 47-50. Annals of Agricultural Research, 23(3):377-380, Moawad SS, 2003. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 12(4):478-480, Chandra V, Singh B, Singh A, 1970. Economic Importance of Lemon Grass: Lemon Grass oil is distilled from its leaves and flowering tops. Flora costaricensis. Papua New Guinea Journal of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Growth, herbage, oil yield, nitrogen uptake and nitrogen utilization efficiency of different cultivars of lemongrass (Cymbopogon flexousus) as affected by water regimes. After the First World War large-scale cultivation of C. citratus began in South and Central America and later in Africa, Madagascar and nearby islands. Lemongrass is one of the most popular plant medicines in Brazil, where it is used to treat nervous disorders and stomach problems. Washington, USA: Department of Systematic Biology - Botany, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution.662 pp. [Proceedings of 43rd Kasetsart University Annual Conference, Thailand, 1-4-February, Subject: Plants], 632-640. Monocotyledons. A stalk of freshly cut lemon grass will root in water and grow on in a sunny garden location with regular water. Evaluation of some essential oils for the control and prevention of American foul brood disease in honey bees. by Zuloaga F O, Morrone O, Davidse G, Filgueiras T S, Peterson P M, Soreng R J, Judziewicz E]. "Effect of the Cymbopogon citratus, Maytenus ilicifolia, and Baccharis genistelloides Extracts Against the Stannous Chloride Oxidative Damage in Escherichia coli. " It is commonly used in the form of tea as a “homemade remedy” for cough, flu, gingivitis, digestive problems and stomachache (Avoseh et al., 2015).