It has also analyzed how to mainstream adaptation planning into its loan and grant programs. [184][185] The UN High Commissioner for Refugees has been viewed[by whom?] In some natural systems, human intervention may facilitate adjustment to expected climate and its effects'. Migration as an adaptation option is practiced in both these deltas but is not considered as a successful adaptation. [126], Climate change threatens to undermine decades of development gains in Europe and put at risk efforts to eradicate poverty. The IPCC group also pointed out that climate change adaptation measures can reinforce and be reinforced by efforts to promote sustainable development and reduce poverty. There is broad agreement that support to local-level adaptation is best achieved by starting with existing local adaptive capacity, and engaging with indigenous knowledge and practices.[149]. New York City announced in 2013 it planned to spend between $10 and $20 billion on local flood protection, reduction of the heat island effect with reflective and green roofs, flood-hardening of hospitals and public housing, resiliency in food supply, and beach enhancement; rezoned to allow private property owners to move critical features to upper stories; and required electrical utilities to harden infrastructure against flooding. The cost of Rwanda’s Climate Action Plan over the next decade is estimated at 11 billion dollars, made up of 5.7 billion dollars for mitigation and 5.3 billion dollars for adaptation. [26] The Green Climate Fund was created in 2010 to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation. ", "Climate Q&A - If we immediately stopped emitting greenhouses gases, would global warming stop? The authors provide a "Memorandum for Action on Adaptation for Peace and Stability" that outlines principles to support processes for adaptation and peace such as the establishment of peace and conflict assessments for adaptation programmes, mainstreaming climate change adaptation in conflict-prone contexts, applying conflict sensitive approaches or provisions to ensure participatory processes to design and implement adaptation measures. The film explores the way in which Bangladeshi farmers are preventing their farms from flooding by building floating gardens made of water hyacinth and bamboo. [71] Rainfed agriculture constitutes 80% of global agriculture. [105] This behavioral effect may be countered with appropriate land-use policies that limit new construction where current or future climate risks are perceived and/or encourage the adoption of resilient building codes to mitigate potential damages. from the migration to the origin countries/communities.[94]. In 2008, the German Federal Cabinet adopted the 'German Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change'[129] that sets out a framework for adaptation in Germany. [66] In many instances, activities to promote sustainable development can also act to enhance people's adaptive capacity to climate change. [100] Access to reinsurance may be a form of increasing the resiliency of cities. 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